When imprisoned in Carisbrooke Castle in 1648, King Charles I was inspired to write poetry. Charles Kingsley wrote The Water Babies (1863) after reading the true story of child chimney sweep Valentine Gray.
Today you can see the memorial to Gray in Church Litten, Newport. Novelist Patrick Gale was born on the Island 1962 - his father was then Governor of HM Prison Camp Hill. John Keats began his poem Endymion (1818) which starts ‘A thing of beauty is a joy forever’ in Castle Road, Newport.